Effect of backdating
The California Public Employees' Retirement System (Cal PERS) is an agency in the California executive branch that "manages pension and health benefits for more than 1.6 million California public employees, retirees, and their families". He began PERS' emphasis on corporate governance; in addition, he was instrumental in creating the Council of Institutional Investors, an organization of pension funds and other institutions that opposed "greenmail and other corporate practices that benefited only management". Reporting to the CEO, the executive officers of Cal PERS are: Deputy Executive Officers for Customer Services and Support, Health Benefit Programs, Policy and Planning, Operations and Technology, and External Affairs; a General Counsel; a Chief Actuary; and a Chief Financial Officer; a Chief Information Officer; a Chief Risk Officer; and a Chief Investment Officer.
Discussion about providing for the retirement of California state employees began in 1921, but only in 1930 did California voters approve an amendment to the State Constitution to allow pensions to be paid to state workers, and only in 1931 was state law passed to establish a state worker retirement plan. Public employee unions responded by seeking an amendment to the Constitution of California that would guarantee the board’s independence, remove the fund’s duty to minimize contributions or administrative costs, and require the provision of benefits to “take precedence over any other duty.” When Board member Phil Angelides’ aide questioned whether the stock market could grow that long, Board Chairman William Crist, a former union president, replied that they “could make all sorts of different assumptions and make predictions, but that’s really more than I think we can expect our staff to do.” Cal PERS then produced a video promoting the legislation with Chairman Crist promising greater benefits “without imposing any additional cost on the taxpayers” and the California State Employees Association president praising it as “the biggest thing since sliced bread”. Investment Income has fluctuated in the last 15 years, 1999–2013, with five years of losses and 10 years of gains.
When such changes make a previously committed lawful act now unlawful in a retroactive manner, this is known as an ex post facto law or retroactive law.A medical retrospective is an examination of a patient's medical history and lifestyle.